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palm date

palm date

Dates are very sweet, have a pleasant flavor and high nutritional benefits; therefore, their cultivation in Iran traces back to more than 3000 years ago. They are mainly cultivated in the Southern areas of Iran and occupy about 240 hectares of the lands. Statistics reveal that the annual production of dates in Iran is more than 1200000 tons and according to the Islamic Republic of Iran Customs Administration's official report, each year more than 150000 tons of Iranian dates are exported to other countries, mainly to Russia, Turkey, Germany, England and Canada.

Date and its waste can be used in a variety of ways in food industry and food conversion processing industries. 

Dates are packed with fiber which is extremely healthful for the digestive system of the body. Also, they contain carotenoids which are the precursors of vitamin A and powerful antioxidants that can prevent the oxidation of cellules and as a result fight cancer. In addition dates are a good source of potassium, magnesium, folic acids and vitamins A, B, C and E.

Different types of dates are:

-  Piarom dates

- Rabbi dates

- Zahedi dates

- Mazafati dates 

 

Piarom Date

Piarom date is the best, most luxury and most expensive kind of date produced in Iran. Hajiabad town in Hormozgan province located in the South of Iran is the main supplier of this kind of date, also called Maryami date. Iranian Piarom date is the highest quality of all Piarom dates cultivated in any other country. It is a kind of semi-dried oval-shaped date with the moisture content of less than 15%, is 3-5 cm in size and brown black.

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Rabbi Date

The highest quality Rabbi date is produced in the highest quantities in Sistan Baluchestan province in the South of Iran. Rabbi date is long, oval and semi-dried with a soft texture and a small pit. It is dark brown, 3-5 centimeters long with the moisture content of less than 15%.

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Mazafati Date

Mazafati Date is one of the most wildly known of all date types cultivated in Iran and is best for fresh consumption due to its high moisture content which is 15% to 20%  and varies based on the two factors of  planting area and harvest time. Mazafati date is purple brown black in color and 2.5 to 4.5 cm in size

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Zahedi Date

Zahedi date, which is also called Ghasb date is cultivated in the Southern areas of Iran, mainly in Fars, Bushehr, Khuzestan and Kerman provinces. It is 3-4 centimeters long and based on maturity level, changes color from yellow to light brown. The moisture content of Zahedi date is less than 14% which is lower than the other types of dates.

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