Dates are very sweet, have a pleasant flavor and high nutritional benefits; therefore, their cultivation in Iran traces back to more than 3000 years ago. They are mainly cultivated in the Southern areas of Iran and occupy about 240 hectares of the lands. Statistics reveal that the annual production of dates in Iran is more than 1200000 tons and according to the Islamic Republic of Iran Customs Administration's official report, each year more than 150000 tons of Iranian dates are exported to other countries, mainly to Russia, Turkey, Germany, England and Canada.
Date and its waste can be used in a variety of ways in food industry and food conversion processing industries.
Dates are packed with fiber which is extremely healthful for the digestive system of the body. Also, they contain carotenoids which are the precursors of vitamin A and powerful antioxidants that can prevent the oxidation of cellules and as a result fight cancer. In addition dates are a good source of potassium, magnesium, folic acids and vitamins A, B, C and E.
Different types of dates are:
- Piarom dates
- Rabbi dates
- Zahedi dates
- Mazafati dates